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Download Abolishing School Fees in Africa: Lessons Learned in by World Bank, UNICEF PDF

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By World Bank, UNICEF

Why abolish university charges in Africa? the reply turns out visible: to accomplish the correct to schooling for all and hence advertise equitable participation in monetary progress and political motion. even though, relocating from a approach in keeping with consumer charges, which stifled enrollment of the poorest and so much weak little ones, to at least one of loose simple schooling for everybody has hidden expenditures if the hassle is unplanned or underplanned. The fast and dramatic inflow of scholars can overburden the schooling process and compromise caliber as a result of a scarcity of certified academics, a rise in school measurement, and the lack of school-level investment. any such outcome merits not anyone. Abolishing college charges in Africa starts off with a comparative evaluate of the tactics, demanding situations, and classes discovered by means of 5 international locations that had already abolished university charges: Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, and Mozambique. the following chapters delineate the particular reviews of every of the international locations in making plans and imposing their rules. This quantity should be priceless to nationwide coverage makers and their improvement companions civil society, the personal zone, improvement enterprises in efforts to open entry to a high quality simple schooling to all.

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Additional resources for Abolishing School Fees in Africa: Lessons Learned in Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya and Mozambique (Africa Human Development Series)

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However, as the Malawi study points out, allowing reentry to the last grade of primary education also has a serious impact on the demand for secondary education. 27 There may also be pedagogical reasons for phasing in the decision to avoid a wide age range in each grade. To address this problem, some countries have established alternative learning systems for overage children. 28 FEE ABOLITION AS PART OF MORE COMPREHENSIVE REFORMS The five case studies all emphasize that fee abolition should be a part of a wider policy package.

In the past, governments and aid agencies have given priority to improving access rather than to improving retention and learning Rationale, Issues, and Conditions for Sustaining the Abolition of School Fees • 13 outcomes, both prerequisites to achieving EFA. Yet the figures on retention and outcomes show that although admission remains an important concern, the main obstacle to attaining EFA has shifted to reducing dropouts and improving acquisition of basic literacy and numeracy skills. Both depend crucially on improving the quality of the learning process, which is likely to be the single most difficult challenge in reaching EFA.

In all cases, the enrollment increase clearly demonstrates that the fees represented a major barrier to enrollment. IMPACT ON QUALITY The impact on school quality in Malawi was clearly negative. While it is still early to assess the impact in Ghana, Kenya, and Mozambique, early indications are more positive. IMPACT ON GENDER PARITY Initially, the percentage increase in the enrollment of boys was larger than for girls in three of the five countries. However, after an initial negative Rationale, Issues, and Conditions for Sustaining the Abolition of School Fees • 21 effect on the parity index (though, of course, not on girls’ enrollment), the index continued to improve.

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