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Download Adaptive Spatial Alignment by Gordon M. Redding PDF

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By Gordon M. Redding

For many humans, prism variation is an fun demonstration, first skilled probably in an introductory psychology path. This monograph relates this ordinary phenomenon to the bigger context of cognitive technology, specially motor regulate and studying. the 1st half sketches the history ideas essential to comprehend the contribution of prism variation to the bigger factor of adaptive perceptual-motor functionality including:
* a assessment of the fundamental ideas of motor keep watch over and studying that permit strategic reaction within the prism variation situation;
* the advance of a speculation approximately spatial illustration and spatial mapping and an creation to the fundamental proposal of adaptive spatial alignment; and
* a contrasting view of perceptual and motor studying and a evaluate of facts for the involvement of nonassociative and associative studying in prism adaptation.

at once concerned about facts and idea in prism edition, the second one half presents:
* an summary of prism version method and an inventory of numerous empirical conclusions from prior examine that limited improvement of theoretical framework;
* a conception of strategic perceptual-motor keep watch over and studying which allows adaptive functionality in the course of prism publicity, yet doesn't at once contain adaptive spatial alignment;
* an extention of the idea to incorporate realignment procedures which right for the spatial misalignment between sensorimotor structures produced via prisms; and
* an indication of the way conventional matters in prism edition can be rephrased when it comes to the current theoretical framework.

The final a part of this quantity reports the examine carried out in constructing and checking out the current idea of prism model. It summarizes the preliminary investigations (employing a naturalistic publicity setting), stories a few extra rigorous checks with an experimentally restricted examine paradigm, issues out the extra common theoretical matters raised via the authors' research of prism version, and makes particular feedback for additional learn in the prism edition paradigm.

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Adaptive Spatial Alignment

For many humans, prism model is an fun demonstration, first skilled possibly in an introductory psychology direction. This monograph relates this strange phenomenon to the bigger context of cognitive technology, specifically motor keep watch over and studying. the 1st half sketches the heritage strategies essential to comprehend the contribution of prism variation to the bigger factor of adaptive perceptual-motor functionality together with: * a assessment of the elemental suggestions of motor regulate and studying that permit strategic reaction within the prism edition scenario; * the advance of a speculation approximately spatial illustration and spatial mapping and an creation to the elemental notion of adaptive spatial alignment; and * a contrasting view of perceptual and motor studying and a assessment of facts for the involvement of nonassociative and associative studying in prism variation.

Additional resources for Adaptive Spatial Alignment

Sample text

However, Bedford (1993b) offered other theoretically motivated accounts for the absence of extrapolation that also may have to be considered. Copyrighted Material SPATIAL ALIGNMENT 31 in one coordinate system are automatically, transparently transformed into corresponding positions in another coordinate system. SUMMARY We argue that perceptual-motor representation is a hierarchy-heterarchy of 3-D coordinate spaces and perceptual-motor integration can be thought of as transformations among the various spatial representations.

Two kinds of environmental frames are commonly distinguished (Paillard, 1991a): body frames describe the task-work space in terms centered on the body; object frames describe the task-work space in terms centered on objects. Environmental frames are extrinsic in the sense that a particular frame may be chosen more or less arbitrarily for convenience of description with little regard for the intrinsic nature of the perceptual-motor system. Nevertheless, extrinsic frames provide the objective foil for inferring the nature of intrinsic frames and are themselves modified with changing conceptualization of intrinsic frames.

That is, as the effector moves the exteroceptor around, the current portion of the sensorimotor frame is specified by the proprioceptor. Thus, sensorimotor frames map personal space (proprioceptive frames) onto extrapersonal space (exteroceptive frames) and enable perceptual-motor behavior throughout an expanded region of task-work space. To this basic catalog of reference frames we would make one addition . Sensorimotor frames are centered on the particular collection of effectors and sensors that define a sensorimotor system.

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