Operations Research

Download Advances in Managing Humanitarian Operations by Christopher W. Zobel, Nezih Altay, Mark P. Haselkorn PDF

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By Christopher W. Zobel, Nezih Altay, Mark P. Haselkorn

This quantity presents a survey of present learn difficulties and leads to humanitarian operations study. also, it discusses present purposes of humanitarian operations examine, and considers new learn efforts that sincerely expand present learn and purposes. The ebook is split into 3 sections that offer an outline of the topic, a glance on the idea, and an exam of applications.

The evaluate part provides chapters on modeling methods and metrics to guage nonprofit operations; leader findings of fieldwork learn in catastrophe reaction logistics; using money as a kind of reduction; and measuring markets that provide cash-based humanitarian interventions.

The concept part comprises chapters that research the associate proliferation challenge in catastrophe reaction networks; a case examine of humanitarian logistics that examines how humanitarian tradition informs switch adoption; and a glance on the present state-of-the-art for info visibility in humanitarian operations.

Finally, the applying part makes a speciality of blood items, vaccines, and meals tips, with person chapters on effective inventorying and distribution of blood items in the course of failures; an in depth examine modeling within the context of the vaccine offer chain; a framework for reaching fairness, effectiveness, and potency in foodstuff financial institution operations; and a spatio-temporal vulnerabili

ty review of the resilience of a inhabitants tormented by unexpected loss of food.

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Extra info for Advances in Managing Humanitarian Operations

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This review contains an interesting discussion on how to construct measures for equity. Balcik et al. (2009) look over the issue of equity in vehicle routing in the nonprofit and public sectors. 1. 1 Summary of Balcik et al. (2009) sections on applications problems and equity determinants Application Equity determinant Queuing systems Resource allocation Service waiting time Amount of commodities allocated among spatially distributed groups Time required to compete tasks Distance between the facility and the group of beneficiaries Arrival time Workload allocation Facility location Vehicle routing 2 Modeling Approaches and Metrics to Evaluate Nonprofit Operations 19 Equity is considered in facility location problems and Marsh and Schilling (1994) summarize pertinent research.

Int J Oper Prod Manag 21(1/2):71–87 Gupta YP, Goyal S (1989) Flexibility of manufacturing systems: concepts and measurements. Eur J Oper Res 43(2):119–135 Hansmann HB (1980) The role of nonprofit enterprise. Yale Law J 89:835–901 Holguín-Veras J, Pérez N, Jaller M, Van Wassenhove LN, Aros-Vera F (2013) On the appropriate objective function for post-disaster humanitarian logistics model. J Oper Manag 31:262–280 Jacobs R (2001) Alternative methods to examine hospital efficiency: data envelopment analysis and stochastic frontier analysis.

This is especially convenient for nonprofit operations because it can indistinctively include paid and volunteer labor. The specific input metric that is most used is hours of labor, which is the number of hours used to produce a good or a service. Time is a key component in humanitarian operations. These operations can be classified based on whether their main activities are relief or development. Relief activities are short-term activities focused on providing goods and services to minimize immediate risk to human health and survival, whereas development activities are longer-term and focused on community self-sufficiency and sustainability.

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