Waste Management

Download Alternatives for Ground Water Cleanup by Committee on Ground Water Cleanup Altern, National Research PDF

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By Committee on Ground Water Cleanup Altern, National Research Council

There's approximately 300,000 waste websites within the usa the place floor water and soil are infected. but contemporary reports query even if present applied sciences can restoration infected floor water to ingesting water criteria, that is the aim for many websites and the end result anticipated via the general public. How can the country stability public overall healthiness, technological realities, and value while addressing flooring water cleanup? This new quantity deals particular conclusions, outlines learn wishes, and recommends guidelines which are technologically sound whereas nonetheless holding overall healthiness and the surroundings. Authored through the pinnacle specialists from and academia, this quantity examines how the actual, chemical, and organic features of the subsurface setting, in addition to the houses of contaminants, complicate the cleanup activity. It experiences the restrictions of generic traditional pump-and-treat cleanup platforms, together with distinct case experiences. It evaluates a number cutting edge cleanup applied sciences and the obstacles to their complete implementation. It additionally provides particular ideas for rules and practices in comparing infection websites, in selecting remediation applied sciences, and in atmosphere applicable cleanup pursuits.

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Evidence suggests that restoring contaminated ground water to drinking water standards poses considerable technical challenges that may sometimes be insurmountable. For example, at one New Jersey site, a computer manufacturing company spent $10 million removing toxic solvents from ground water, but not long after the cleanup system was shut down the solvent concentrations in some locations returned to levels higher than before cleanup began (see Box 1-1). This company's effort and others like it have raised concern about whether the amount spent to clean up ground water is proportionate to the benefits society receives.

This committee has included all these enhancements under the general term "pump and treat" because all involve the pumping of fluids (either water or air). More importantly, the committee wishes to emphasize that all these enhancements are subject to the same major limiting factors that affect conventional pump-andtreat systems. As discussed later in this report, no known enhancement can completely compensate for the complexities of geology and contaminant chemistry that slow cleanup efforts. , 1990).

It assesses whether conventional and innovative cleanup technologies are capable of restoring contaminated ground water to drinking water quality. It reviews physical and chemical factors that impede cleanup regardless of the technology chosen. It discusses factors other than technical feasibility—human health, ecology, and costs—that are critical components in the ground water cleanup debate. And it provides advice on Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files.

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