Download American Voices: How Dialects Differ from Coast to Coast by Walt Wolfram, Ben Ward PDF
By Walt Wolfram, Ben Ward
American Voices is a set of brief, readable descriptions of varied American dialects, written by means of best researchers within the box. written by means of most sensible researchers within the box and comprises Southern English, New England speech, Chicano English, Appalachian English, Canadian English, and California English, between many others interesting examine the total variety of yank social, ethnic, and local dialects written for the lay individual
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Additional resources for American Voices: How Dialects Differ from Coast to Coast
Wolfram, Walt, Kirk Hazen, and Natalie Schilling-Estes (1999) Dialect Maintenance and Change in Outer Banks English. Publication of the American Dialect Society 81. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. 16 Sounds of the South AVC02 16 21/7/05, 10:48 AM 3 Deﬁning Appalachian English Kirk Hazen and Ellen Fluharty 3 A farmer hoes beans in the mountains. © by Dan KirkBrandenburg. Hazen and AVC03 17 Ellen Fluharty 17 21/7/05, 10:47 AM When people speak of Appalachian English, they often treat it as if it has mad cow disease and needs quarantining.
If we look for these language features among the population of Appalachia, our best estimate is that only about 30 percent of residents would have them. The reason for this is that Appalachia encompasses a great number of disparate urban, suburban, and rural communities. With such geographic diversity, there are great differences in the way Appalachian people speak. For example, growing up in southern West Virginia may or may not mean that you have a Southern accent, depending on whether you grew up in suburban Charleston or in rural Logan County.
AAVE, originally a Southern variety, did not have this feature before sounds like p, t, or k. We have found that some African American Appalachians actually have this traditional feature of Appalachian English. As with the rest of Appalachia, there is certainly change between generations of African American Appalachians. We do not find continuity between the older and younger African American Appalachian speakers in terms of the sociolinguistic features that mark their speech as African American.